- What is minimum load resistance?
- What means regulation?
- How do you calculate line and load regulation?
- What is the main function of zener diode?
- What is Zener diode characteristics?
- How is load regulation calculated?
- What is meant by load regulation?
- What is line and load voltage?
- What is load regulation in Zener diode?
- What are the advantages of Zener diode?
- Can Zener be used as a rectifier?
- Why zener diode is heavily doped?
- What is line regulation formula?
- Why is zener diode reverse biased?
- How is regulation calculated?
- What is IC 723?
- What is avalanche and zener breakdown?
- Which region Zener diode can be used as a regulator?
- What is meant by line and load regulation?
- How do you increase line regulation?
- Is Zener diode reverse biased?
What is minimum load resistance?
The minimum load is usually the highest resistance that draws the least current from the supply.
When the minimum load conditions are not met, the power supply may experience some instability such as flickering and shutdowns.
The minimum load for resistive load can be calculated if the minimum current is known..
What means regulation?
1 : the act of regulating or state of being regulated. 2 : an authoritative rule specifically : a rule or order issued by a government agency and often having the force of law — see also Administrative Procedure Act.
How do you calculate line and load regulation?
How to Calculate Line RegulationFind the difference between the initial voltage and the maximum fluctuation. For example, if the initial voltage was 25 and the maximum measurement was 28, then the difference in voltage would be 3 volts.Divide the change in voltage by the initial voltage. … Multiply the number obtained in Step 2 by 100.
What is the main function of zener diode?
Zener diodes are used for voltage regulation, as reference elements, surge suppressors, and in switching applications and clipper circuits. The load voltage equals breakdown voltage VZ of the diode. The series resistor limits the current through the diode and drops the excess voltage when the diode is conducting.
What is Zener diode characteristics?
Zener diodes are heavily doped than ordinary diodes. … They have extra thin depletion region. When we apply a voltage more than the Zener breakdown voltage (can range from 1.2 volts to 200 volts), the depletion region vanishes, and large current starts to flow through the junction.
How is load regulation calculated?
Load regulation (percent) = 100 x (voltage no load — voltage full load) divided by voltage full load. … Line regulation is the amount of voltage variation from the output of a voltage regulator, or a transformer, that results from a change of voltage at the input of the voltage regulator or transformer.
What is meant by load regulation?
Load regulation refers to the ability to maintain a constant voltage output from a power supply despite changes or variability in the input load. Typically, we express load regulation as a percentage of the max load condition, indicating how much output will vary.
What is line and load voltage?
Line voltage is the voltage measured between any two lines in a three-phase circuit. Phase voltage is the voltage measured across a single component in a three-phase source or load. Line current is the current through any one line between a three-phase source and load.
What is load regulation in Zener diode?
The function of a regulator is to provide a constant output voltage to a load connected in parallel with it in spite of the ripples in the supply voltage or the variation in the load current and the zener diode will continue to regulate the voltage until the diodes current falls below the minimum IZ(min) value in the …
What are the advantages of Zener diode?
The ability of the Zener diode to control and reverse part of the current flowing through it means it can be used to regulate and stabilize the voltage in a circuit and prevent problems that can occur when the supply or load voltage varies.
Can Zener be used as a rectifier?
Zener diodes are mostly used for regulating voltages. However, yes, they can be used for rectifiers. Above it’s threshold voltage(Zener voltage), the Zener diode allows reverse flow of current.
Why zener diode is heavily doped?
Zener diodes are highly doped diodes. This means their behavior in forward bias will be same as a normal diode. But while in reverse bias their junction potential is increased. So that means when the voltage crosses 6V then the diode is in Reverse breakdown and hence the current through the diode increases rapidly.
What is line regulation formula?
The line regulation is given by the equation shown below. where |Vrnl | = magnitude of receiving end voltage at no load. |Vrfl| = magnitude of receiving end voltage at no load. The regulation of the line depends on the power factor of the load.
Why is zener diode reverse biased?
When connected in parallel with a variable voltage source so that it is reverse biased, a Zener diode conducts when the voltage reaches the diode’s reverse breakdown voltage. From that point on, the low impedance of the diode keeps the voltage across the diode at that value.
How is regulation calculated?
Voltage Regulation for 11KV, 22KV, 33KV Overhead Line% Voltage Regulation = (1.06 x P x L x PF) / (LDF x RC x DF)RC = (KV x KV x 10) / ( RCosΦ + XSinΦ)Required size of Capacitor (Kvar) = KVA1 (Sin ø1 – [Cos ø1 / Cos ø2] x Sin ø2)L = [1 – (KVARC / 2 KVARL) x (2n – 1)]% Voltage Rise = (KVAR(Cap) x Lx X) / 10 x Vx2.More items…•
What is IC 723?
The IC 723 is a general purpose, extremely versatile voltage regulator IC, which can be used for making various types of regulated power supplies such as: Positive Voltage Regulator. Negative Voltage Regulator. Switching Regulator.
What is avalanche and zener breakdown?
The Avalanche Breakdown and Zener Breakdown are two different mechanisms by which a PN junction breaks. … The avalanche breakdown occurs because of the ionisation of electrons and hole pairs whereas the Zener breakdown occurs because of heavy doping.
Which region Zener diode can be used as a regulator?
Zener diode operates in the breakdown region in the reverse bias, to regulate voltage. It allows a wide range of currents almost at the same voltage. Zener diode is connected in reverse bias in a circuit, for regulating voltage. It is also called a shunt regulator.
What is meant by line and load regulation?
Line regulation refers to a power supply’s ability to maintain its output voltage given changes in input voltage. … Line regulation involves a power supply’s stability in relation to its input voltage; load regulation is a power supply’s ability to maintain a constant output level given changes in its load.
How do you increase line regulation?
As such, the line regulation can be improved by improving the open loop gain, The line regulation for an unregulated power supply is usually very high for a majority of operations, but this can be improved by using a voltage regulator.
Is Zener diode reverse biased?
A zener diode is always operated in its reverse biased condition. As such a simple voltage regulator circuit can be designed using a zener diode to maintain a constant DC output voltage across the load in spite of variations in the input voltage or changes in the load current.