Question: What Is The Difference Between Distal And Proximal?

How do you use proximal and distal?

Proximal and distal: These two terms are almost always used in reference to relative locations of parts or places on the limbs.

Proximal then refers to something closer to the torso while distal refers to parts and places away from the torso..

Is the elbow proximal or distal to the shoulder?

Distal – Remote; farther from any point of reference. The elbow is distal to the shoulder joint.

What is another word for distal?

In this page you can discover 17 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for distal, like: proximal, mesial, anterior, posterior, caudal, medial, metaphysis, distally, femoral, posteriorly and maxillary.

Which body part is most proximal?

hipYour hip would be more proximal, while your ankle would be more distal and your knee would be in the middle.

Is the hand is proximal to the elbow?

Your hand is further away from your torso than your elbow. Therefore your hand is “distal” when compared to your elbow. … Your elbow is closer to your torso than your hand. Therefore your elbow is “proximal” when compared to your hand.

What body parts are proximal?

Proximal means nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body. If another reference point is given, such as the heart, the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart, central rather than peripheral. Proximal is the opposite of distal.

Why is the elbow proximal to the wrist?

Explanation: Since the words proximal and distal refer to distance, and your question is posited regarding the elbow in connection to the wrist and shoulder, the length of the humerus being more than that of the radius and ulna makes the elbow closer to the wrist.

Why is the knee proximal to the ankle?

Proximal and distal are both anatomical words of location. … The knee is proximal to the ankle because it is closer to the point at which the leg attaches to the trunk of the body. Similarly, the elbow is proximal to the wrist because it is closer to the point at which the arm attaches to the trunk of the body.

Is dorsal a top or bottom?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top. The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism.

Is the knee proximal or distal to the hip?

The knee is proximal to the foot. Moving distally from the hip brings you to the thigh. The foot is distal to the knee.

What does proximal to distal mean?

In medicine, it refers to parts of the body further away from the center. For example, the hand is distal to the shoulder. The thumb is distal to the wrist. Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What is an example of proximal?

Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal.

Which joint is most proximal the knee hip or ankle?

The femur articulates proximally with the acetabulum of the pelvis to form the hip joint, and distally with the tibia and patella to form the knee joint.Proximal. Femur: The anterior surface of the femur with parts labeled. … Shaft. … Distal.

Can knees cause hip pain?

Sometimes knee pain is the only sign of a hip problem – this is called referred pain or radiated pain and is fairly common. You may feel pain on the outside of your hip or in your buttock – though this can also be caused by problems with your lower back.

Is the knee proximal or distal to the ankle quizlet?

The hips are superior/inferior to the shoulders. The shoulders are medial/lateral to the spine. The knee is distal/proximal to the ankle.