Question: What Are The Two Basic Kinds Of Indonesian Music?

What are the two groups of gamelan orchestra?

A gamelan is a multi-timbre ensemble consisting of metallophones, xylophones, flutes, gongs, voices, as well as bowed and plucked strings.

Beside above, what are the two types of gamelan.

The two main types of scales in gamelan are the pelong and slendro scales..

When was gamelan invented?

In Javanese mythology, the gamelan was created in Saka era 167 (c. 230 C.E.) by Sang Hyang Guru, the god who ruled as king of all Java from a palace on the Maendra mountains in Medangkamulan (now Mount Lawu). He needed a signal to summon the gods, and thus invented the gong.

What are the two basic kinds of Indonesian music scale?

There are two different scale systems used in Balinese gamelan: slendro and pelog. It is important to note that these are not scales with specific pitches, or even categories of scales (such as major or minor) that have specific interval relationships.

What are the two types of vocal music of Indonesia?

Similarly one may ask, what are the 2 kinds of Indonesian music scale? Pelog is one of the two essential scales of gamelan music native to Bali and Java, in Indonesia….What are the instrument used in Indonesia?Gamelan. … Angklung. … Kolintang.Gambus.Gendang Melayu.Bonang.Sasando.Gong.

What does gamelan sound like?

The best known is gamelan – a percussion orchestra featuring beautiful bronze (or sometimes bamboo) instruments. With its shimmering, interlocking patterns, it’s a seductive sound that has been described as “a single instrument played by many people”.

Which instruments are the most important in any Balinese gamelan?

GongsThe gong is one of the most important gamelan instruments, and a variety of gongs are used in various ensembles.In many types of gamelan, large hung gongs typically outline the form of the piece of music, providing the most basic layer of the sound.More items…•

What kind of music does Indonesia have?

gamelanThe most popular and famous form of Indonesian music is probably gamelan, an ensemble of tuned percussion instruments that include metallophones, drums, gongs and spike fiddles along with bamboo flutes.

What country is Pinpeat?

CambodiaThe Pinpeat (Khmer: ពិណពាទ្យ) is the largest Khmer traditional musical ensemble. It has performed the ceremonial music of the royal courts and temples of Cambodia since ancient times.

How many types of gamelan are there?

three typesThere are three main kinds of gamelan, and they are grouped geographically within Indonesia. These three types are Javanese, from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java; Balinese, from the island of Bali; and Sundanese, from the western part of Java.

How is Gamelan performed?

A sustained melody is played either by the bamboo flute (suling) or by a bowed stringed instrument (rebab) or is sung—the last especially when, as often occurs, the gamelan is used to accompany theatrical performances, or wayang. The voice is then part of the orchestral texture.

What does gamelan mean?

Gamelan (/ˈɡæməlæn/) (Javanese: ꦒꦩꦼꦭꦤ꧀, romanized: Gamelan) (Sundanese: ᮌᮙᮨᮜᮔ᮪, romanized: Gamelan) (Balinese: ᬕᬫᭂᬮᬦ᭄, romanized: Gamelan) is the traditional ensemble music of the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese peoples of Indonesia, made up predominantly of percussive instruments.

What are gamelan instruments?

The gamelan ensemble is made up of sixteen bronze xylophones, several gongs and gong-chimes, drums, cymbals, and bamboo flutes—over forty instruments in total. … Each gamelan ensemble functions as one gigantic instrument, with its own unique timbre and tuning.

What is Gamelan Indonesia?

Gamelan, the term for a traditional musical ensemble in Indonesia, typically refers to a percussion orchestra composed predominantly of tuned gongs of various types and metal-keyed instruments. … The most well-known gamelan ensembles are those from the islands of Java and Bali.

Why is Indonesia gamelan important?

The functions of gamelan Javanese gamelan does have its religious purposes as well, as an accompaniment during religious ceremonies. It has also been used as a form of entertainment performed for the amusement of the royal family, as well as accompanying the wayang puppet shows.

What is Gamelan used for?

In Java, gamelan is played for official occasions or court ceremonies, celebrations such as weddings, for concerts, to accompany dance, dance-drama and shadow-puppet theatre. It is also played for community events, and just for fun!